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How climate change will threaten food security of world’s poorest countries

Some of the world s poorest countries will be hit hardest as climate change affects marine fisheries all over the world, according to a new study. The global fishing industry produces a total catch worth of about $90bn ( 71bn) but the warming ocean temperatures are causing many valuable species to shift their usual ranges. The potential for water to hit temperatures lethal to corals such as Australia s Great Barrier Reef, which support vast amounts of other marine life, is a particular problem.

The researchers assessed 147 countries based on their vulnerability to the effect of future warming on fishing in their waters and their ability to cope with the changes. The worst-affected countries were mostly small islands, with Kiribati, Micronesia, the Solomon Islands, the Maldives and Vanuatu making up the top five, according to a paper in the journal PLOS ONE1. However, large countries like China, in eighth place, Nigeria (15th) and Indonesia (26th) also featured high on the list.

Ireland was predicted to be the least vulnerable country in 147th place, followed by Chile, the UK, Iceland and Namibia, with the US in sixth. The five worst-affected countries were given a vulnerability score that was eight to nine times higher than those at the bottom of the list. Writing in the journal, the researchers warned that climate change s effect on fisheries could harm food security, people s livelihoods and public health particularly in poor countries that are less able to cope.

More than 87 per cent of least developed countries are found within the top half of the vulnerability index, while the bottom half includes all but one of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member states wealthy countries, they said.

This is primarily due to the tremendous variation in countries adaptive capacity, as no such trends are evident from the exposure or sensitivity indices.

And the countries that have done the least to cause climate change appear to be the ones that can expect their fisheries to be the worst affected by it.

A negative correlation exists between vulnerability and per capita carbon emissions, and the clustering of states at different levels of development across the vulnerability index suggests growing barriers to meeting global commitments to reducing inequality, promoting human well-being and ensuring sustainable cities and communities, the researchers wrote.

How Climate Change Will Threaten Food Security Of World's Poorest CountriesReuse content2

References

  1. ^ a paper in the journal PLOS ONE (journals.plos.org)
  2. ^ Reuse content (www.independent.co.uk)

Finsbury Park mosque attack: Suspect Darren Osborne, 47, previously unknown to security services

The man suspected of deliberately driving a van into a crowd outside a mosque in north London was unknown to security forces, it has been confirmed, as local communities pay tribute to the one person dead and 10 injured after the crash. Police are treating the incident, which took place as worshippers were leaving the mosque in Finsbury Park just after midnight on Monday, as a terror attack1 the third such atrocity to hit the capital in recent months after vehicles were used to mow down pedestrians in Westminster and on London Bridge. Security minister Ben Wallace said the driver, named as 47-year-old Darren Osborne2 from Cardiff, was not known to the authorities in the space of extremism or far-right extremism . He is believed to have acted alone.

Osborne was originally arrested on suspicion of attempted murder, but he is now also facing charges relating to the commission, preparation or instigation of terrorism . Police are investigating whether the victim died as a result of the attack or a separate health emergency, as he was already receiving first aid outside the mosque at the time. Theresa May said the Government will review security at mosques across Britain, vowing that hatred and evil of this kind will never succeed . Outside Downing Street, the Prime Minister said the attack on Muslims near their place of worship was every bit as sickening as those which have come before .

Extra police resources have already been deployed to reassure communities, and the police will continue to assess the security needs of Mosques and provide any additional resources needed, especially during this final week before Eid Al-Fitr, a particularly important time for the whole Muslim community, she said.

There has been far too much tolerance of extremism in our country over many years and that means extremism of any kind, including Islamophobia . That is why this Government will act to stamp out extremist and hateful ideology both across society and on the internet, so it is denied a safe space to grow.

Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn have contrasting receptions at Finsbury Park mosque visits

Home Secretary Amber Rudd said: My thoughts are with all those affected by the appalling incident at Finsbury Park.

I am in contact with the Metropolitan Police who have confirmed it is being investigated by their Counter Terrorism Command.

We must all continue to stand together, resolute, against all those who try to divide us and spread hate and fear. Labour’s shadow home secretary Diane Abbott, whose Hackney North and Stoke Newington constituency lies close to the scene, called for police to review security at mosques. She tweeted: Terror attack outside #FinsburyPark mosque . Police must urgently review security for all mosques #StandTogether.

Green Party co-leader Caroline Lucas said her thoughts were with the community and emergency services, adding: We will not be divided. Ms May met faith leaders at Finsbury Park Mosque the afternoon after the attack, but faced heckles as she left the building . Crowds shouted Have you got a faster taxi today ? and how can you be so quick today? , a criticism of her response to last week s devastating fire at Grenfell Tower in west London, in which 79 people are presumed dead.

At around 12.20am, a speeding white van swerved into people gathered outside the Muslim Welfare House mosque on Seven Sisters Road . Eight people were taken to hospital and two were treated at the scene . All the victims were Muslim. Abdul Rashid, 18, who witnessed the aftermath of the attack, described the driver as desensitised and said he wasn’t distressed, not in the slightest . He told The Independent it appeared the suspect knew exactly what he was doing .

When people were holding him down he was saying ‘you can kill me, I’ve done my job’ . He was saying he had come here to kill Muslims, said Mr Rashid .

He looked blank . You could tell he didn’t care . It was 100 per cent deliberate. Searches are being carried out at a residential address in Cardiff in condition with the mosque attack, according to the Metropolitan Police . Images of the van used in the attack showed it was rented from Pontyclun Van Hire, around 12 miles west of Cardiff.

Mayor of London Sadiq Khan said the capital would stay strong in the difficult period and not allow these terrorists to succeed.

While this appears to be an attack on a particular community, like the terrible attacks in Manchester, Westminster and London Bridge, it is also an assault on all our shared values of tolerance, freedom and respect, he said. There has been a reported surge in hate crime against Muslims in Britain following the London attacks carried out by Islamist extremists and a suicide bombing at an Ariana Grande concert at Manchester Arena on May 22 that killed 22 people, almost half of whom were aged under 20. The week after the Manchester attack, which was claimed by Isis, verified reports of Islamophobic hate crimes increased more than fivefold, according to the organisation Tell Mama, which monitors anti-Muslim hatred in Britain.

In the seven days after the London Bridge attack on 3 June, there was a 240 per cent rise in reported hate crimes, said the charity . Figures from City Hall also show a sharp rise in anti-Muslim incidents after three attackers hit pedestrians on the bridge before launching a knife attack on people in bars and restaurants in nearby Borough Market. An imam reportedly saved the van driver involved in the suspected Finsbury Park attack from being attacked by members of the public in the immediate aftermath of the crash . One witness said the furious crowd might have injured or killed Osborne were it not for the intervention of Mohammed Mahmoud. An eyewitness who gave his name as Abdul told The Independent Osborne tried to run away but we brought him down .

He would’ve died because so many people were punching him but the imam came out and said ‘No more punching, let’s keep him down until the police come’. Community groups and charities have condemned the attack, warning against entering a cycle of tit-for-tat violence that is the goal of extremists . In a statement, the organisation Hope Not Hate said we must oppose far-right extremism with the same intensity that we oppose Islamist extremism – a plague on both their houses is our call, as we said back in 2013 after the murder of Lee Rigby.

Finsbury Park Mosque Attack: Suspect Darren Osborne, 47, Previously Unknown To Security ServicesReuse content3

References

  1. ^ terror attack (www.independent.co.uk)
  2. ^ Darren Osborne (www.independent.co.uk)
  3. ^ Reuse content (www.independent.co.uk)

Finsbury Park attack: Muslim Council demands extra security around mosques after one killed and 10 injured

The Muslim Council of Britain has called for extra security around mosques, describing the Finsbury Park van attack as “the most violent manifestation” of Islamophobia. The council’s secretary general Harun Khan said he expected authorities to step up security “as a matter of urgency”, adding many would feel “terrorised” following the incident outside the Muslim Welfare House in Seven Sisters Road.

One man was killed and 10 others injured when a van drove into worshippers1 who had just left the Finsbury Park mosque after prayers. Police are treating it as a potential terrorist attack . One white man, aged 48, was arrested by police.

Mr Khan said: “According to eyewitness accounts and videos taken after the incident, it appears that a white man in a van intentionally ploughed into a group of worshippers who were already tending to someone who had been taken ill.

“We do not know how many were injured or killed, but our prayers are with the victims and families. Treating the wounded: Paramedics and police at the scene of the crash in Finsbury Park (James Gourley/Rex Features)

“During the night, ordinary British citizens were set upon while they were going about their lives, completing their night worship . It appears from eyewitness accounts that the perpetrator was motivated by Islamophobia.

“Over the past weeks and months, Muslims have endured many incidents of Islamophobia and this is the most violent manifestation to date. A woman is helped away (James Gourley/Rex Features)

“Given we are approaching the end of the month of Ramadan and the celebration of Eid with many Muslims going to local mosques, we expect the authorities to increase security outside mosques as a matter of urgency.

“Muslim communities have been calling for increased action to tackle the growth in hate crime for many years and transformative action must now be taken to tackle not only this incident but the hugely worrying growth in Islamophobia.

“Many will feel terrorised, no doubt be angry and saddened by what has taken place tonight.

Man arrested as van hits mosque crowd

“We urge calm as the investigation establishes the full facts, and in these last days of Ramadan, pray for those affected and for justice.”

Mohammed Shafiq, of the Ramadhan Foundation, a Muslim organisation which speaks out against extremism, said: “I utterly condemn the senseless and evil van attack against Muslim worshippers outside the Finsbury Park Mosque in London.

“According to eyewitnesses this was a deliberate attack against innocent Muslims going about their life.

“We should make clear that if this attack is confirmed as a deliberate terrorist attack then this should be classed as an act of terrorism.

“The British Muslim community requires all decent people to stand with us against this evil violence.

“Rampant Islamaphobia has been on the rise for a number of years and those on the far right have perpetuated hatred against Muslims.

“They should be called out for their hatred.

“The days ahead will be difficult, but with unity and tolerance we will prevail .

We will not allow these far right extremists to divide our diverse communities.

“Enough is enough, my condolences and prayers for all the victims and their families .

They are in my prayers.”

Meanwhile, chairman of the mosque at Finsbury Park, Mohammed Kozbar, tweeted: “Our thoughts and prayers with those who got injured and effected by this cowardly attack in Finsbury Park area, many casualties in the floor.”

Finsbury Park Attack: Muslim Council Demands Extra Security Around Mosques After One Killed And 10 InjuredReuse content2

References

  1. ^ One man was killed and 10 others injured when a van drove into worshippers (www.standard.co.uk)
  2. ^ Reuse content (www.standard.co.uk)