Festival goers are being asked to “be patient” as they contend with heightened security checks to get into Glastonbury. Extra car and bag searches mean getting on the site is likely to be a slow process for the thousands of ticket holders hoping to set up camp early. Avon and Somerset Police say there is “no intelligence” to suggest a specific threat to the festival. However, in the wake of the terror attacks in London and Manchester, increased security measures have been introduced. Assistant Chief Constable Caroline Peters says the policing style “may look and feel slightly different” but, like the rest of the UK, “festival-goers should be alert but not alarmed”. High visibility officers are going to be present throughout the festival, mostly for reassurance. “Police officers, they’re going to be wearing black shirts, they’re going to be wearing protective vests and body cameras – but that’s no different to any day to day patrol,” she added.
After the suicide attack on Manchester Arena, security at major music events has been a lot more visible. Armed police protected rockers at the Download Festival and the Isle of White. In Germany, thousands of people had to be evacuated from a rock festival when police received a credible terror threat. John Gearson, Professor of National Security Studies at King’s College, says police face a challenge; how best to deter copycats without making the public feel alarmed. “The difficult question, I think, for the police and for the organisers is how far an armed police presence will be appropriate and needed to deter people who might want to carry out armed attacks. “We are going to control it and contain it, but in the current climate people have to accept that there is a greater risk, let’s say a residual danger, than there was in previous years.
“People who think they’ve got nothing to do with politics will find they are the target of some of these terrible violent acts.” Festival goers have been asked to play their part in keeping Glastonbury safe and secure. Ticket-holders have been told to pack light, place luggage tags or ID on all bags and belongings including their name and mobile number. Queues getting into Glastonbury are nothing new . It is, after all, the largest greenfield music and performing arts festival in the world. This time last year, on the Wednesday before the festival, congestion on the roads caused traffic jams that some claimed lasted almost 11 hours.
The reason then was simple: mud .
Flash floods meant poor conditions for driving onto the site.
U.S . Secretary of State Rex Tillerson | Drew Angerer/Getty Images
In our active duty days, we were honored to help lead the finest fighting force in the world and we strongly support an increase in military spending to maintain the readiness of those forces . But our experiences also taught us that not all foreign crises are solved on the battlefield; in the 21st century, weapons and warfighters alone are insufficient to keep America secure. That s why we support a robust development budget to advance our national security objectives and we are not alone in this belief . This week, we will join 14 other experienced former four-star generals and admirals in submitting testimony to Congress that military power alone cannot prevent radicalization, nor can it, by itself, prevent despair from turning to anger and increasing outbursts of violence and instability . Over the last 15 years, our national experience in Afghanistan, Iraq, in the Middle East, and now in Africa has shown clearly that development aid is critical to America s national security.
Unfortunately, the administration s budget would cut 32 percent from the budgets of the U.S . Agency for International Development and State Department including a cut of nearly half to development assistance . This is exactly the wrong decision at a time when development efforts in the world s poorest and most fragile countries are needed more than ever . In turn, these severe cuts to USAID would only increase the risk to Americans and to our brave military service members . Congress should reject this dangerous path. Strategic development assistance is not charity; it is an essential, modern tool of U.S .
national security . Foreign assistance should be respected and budgeted as an investment in the enhancement of stability in the world s most vulnerable places, not as a no-strings-attached giveaway to poorer nations. Strategic development assistance is not charity; it is an essential, modern tool of U.S . national security. American security is advanced by the development of stable nations that are making progress on social development, economic growth, and good governance; by countries that enforce the rule of law and invest in the health and education of their own people .
In short, America s interests are served by nations that give their people hope for a more prosperous and safe future. Conversely, American security is undermined by frail and failing nations where hope is non-existent, and where conditions foster radicalism, produce refugees, spark insurgency, and provide safe havens for terrorists, criminal gangs, and human traffickers with global reach. Fighting extremist groups after they emerge as well-trained and well-funded entities is costlier in lives and money than efforts to prevent such groups from forming in the first place . Research suggests that investing in prevention is, on average, 60 times less costly than war and post-conflict reconstruction costs . It is also more difficult .
To prevent the expansion of terrorist groups, states must deprive them of ungoverned territory and the oxygen on which they flourish the belief that the terrorists radical agenda can provide purpose and meaning to the lives of their recruits . That can be a challenge for Western nations, much less for developing ones with weak governance structures. A host of international terrorist groups al Qaeda, al Shabaab, Boko Haram, and ISIS, among others have taken root in highly fragile regions and countries with shared characteristics, such as corruption and poor governance, weak institutions, high poverty and inequality, widespread indignity, and low quality of life for ordinary citizens . Local populations frustrated with poor governance and lacking meaningful opportunities to improve their lives or provide for their families are prone to tolerate, if not actively support, extremist groups that challenge government authority or assume the government s role as social-service provider . To combat these groups and prevent such areas from serving as fertile recruiting grounds, training areas, and transit routes for violent extremists, the United States and its allies should become much more proactive in helping address underlying conditions that, left unchecked, invite and foment instability.
Congress can, and should, make America safer with a robust and strategic Phase Zero initiative that engages the U.S . government, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector to synergistically prevent conflict and promote security, development, and governance rooted in the rule of law . Such an initiative accompanied by other targeted reforms to our foreign assistance programs would fill a dangerous vacuum that military intervention alone simply cannot address . Proactive conflict-prevention strategies are far less expensive in terms of resources and lives expended than reactive use of our Armed Forces. Proactive conflict-prevention strategies are far less expensive in terms of resources and lives expended than reactive use of our Armed Forces.
Development experts under the auspices of USAID, State Department, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and other federal agencies must be fully committed to a coherent whole-of-government stability-enhancement strategy that will protect America s interests in the modern security environment while minimizing the exposure of our young men and women to harm s way. The faithful service, courage, and sacrifice of our service members deserves and demands that we address and develop the strongest possible strategy for conflict-prevention that our nation can muster . Cutting the International Affairs budget will hurt our country s ability to stop new conflicts from forming, and will place our interests, values, and the lives of our men and women in uniform at risk . Congress should reject the administration s proposed cuts and instead fully fund the international affairs budget . Our military is counting on it.
Admiral (Ret.) Michael Mullen served as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 2007 to 2011 .
General (Ret.) James Jones was the commandant of the Marine Corps and served as Supreme Allied Commander-Europe from 2003 to 2006.
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