Some of the world s poorest countries will be hit hardest as climate change affects marine fisheries all over the world, according to a new study. The global fishing industry produces a total catch worth of about $90bn ( 71bn) but the warming ocean temperatures are causing many valuable species to shift their usual ranges. The potential for water to hit temperatures lethal to corals such as Australia s Great Barrier Reef, which support vast amounts of other marine life, is a particular problem.
The researchers assessed 147 countries based on their vulnerability to the effect of future warming on fishing in their waters and their ability to cope with the changes. The worst-affected countries were mostly small islands, with Kiribati, Micronesia, the Solomon Islands, the Maldives and Vanuatu making up the top five, according to a paper in the journal PLOS ONE1. However, large countries like China, in eighth place, Nigeria (15th) and Indonesia (26th) also featured high on the list.
Ireland was predicted to be the least vulnerable country in 147th place, followed by Chile, the UK, Iceland and Namibia, with the US in sixth. The five worst-affected countries were given a vulnerability score that was eight to nine times higher than those at the bottom of the list. Writing in the journal, the researchers warned that climate change s effect on fisheries could harm food security, people s livelihoods and public health particularly in poor countries that are less able to cope.
More than 87 per cent of least developed countries are found within the top half of the vulnerability index, while the bottom half includes all but one of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member states wealthy countries, they said.
This is primarily due to the tremendous variation in countries adaptive capacity, as no such trends are evident from the exposure or sensitivity indices.
And the countries that have done the least to cause climate change appear to be the ones that can expect their fisheries to be the worst affected by it.
A negative correlation exists between vulnerability and per capita carbon emissions, and the clustering of states at different levels of development across the vulnerability index suggests growing barriers to meeting global commitments to reducing inequality, promoting human well-being and ensuring sustainable cities and communities, the researchers wrote.
Finsbury Park attack: Muslim Council demands extra security around mosques after one killed and 10 injured
The Muslim Council of Britain has called for extra security around mosques, describing the Finsbury Park van attack as “the most violent manifestation” of Islamophobia. The council’s secretary general Harun Khan said he expected authorities to step up security “as a matter of urgency”, adding many would feel “terrorised” following the incident outside the Muslim Welfare House in Seven Sisters Road.
One man was killed and 10 others injured when a van drove into worshippers1 who had just left the Finsbury Park mosque after prayers. Police are treating it as a potential terrorist attack . One white man, aged 48, was arrested by police.
Mr Khan said: “According to eyewitness accounts and videos taken after the incident, it appears that a white man in a van intentionally ploughed into a group of worshippers who were already tending to someone who had been taken ill.
“We do not know how many were injured or killed, but our prayers are with the victims and families. Treating the wounded: Paramedics and police at the scene of the crash in Finsbury Park (James Gourley/Rex Features)
“During the night, ordinary British citizens were set upon while they were going about their lives, completing their night worship . It appears from eyewitness accounts that the perpetrator was motivated by Islamophobia.
“Over the past weeks and months, Muslims have endured many incidents of Islamophobia and this is the most violent manifestation to date. A woman is helped away (James Gourley/Rex Features)
“Given we are approaching the end of the month of Ramadan and the celebration of Eid with many Muslims going to local mosques, we expect the authorities to increase security outside mosques as a matter of urgency.
“Muslim communities have been calling for increased action to tackle the growth in hate crime for many years and transformative action must now be taken to tackle not only this incident but the hugely worrying growth in Islamophobia.
“Many will feel terrorised, no doubt be angry and saddened by what has taken place tonight.
Man arrested as van hits mosque crowd
“We urge calm as the investigation establishes the full facts, and in these last days of Ramadan, pray for those affected and for justice.”
Mohammed Shafiq, of the Ramadhan Foundation, a Muslim organisation which speaks out against extremism, said: “I utterly condemn the senseless and evil van attack against Muslim worshippers outside the Finsbury Park Mosque in London.
“According to eyewitnesses this was a deliberate attack against innocent Muslims going about their life.
“We should make clear that if this attack is confirmed as a deliberate terrorist attack then this should be classed as an act of terrorism.
“The British Muslim community requires all decent people to stand with us against this evil violence.
“Rampant Islamaphobia has been on the rise for a number of years and those on the far right have perpetuated hatred against Muslims.
“They should be called out for their hatred.
“The days ahead will be difficult, but with unity and tolerance we will prevail .
We will not allow these far right extremists to divide our diverse communities.
“Enough is enough, my condolences and prayers for all the victims and their families .
They are in my prayers.”
Meanwhile, chairman of the mosque at Finsbury Park, Mohammed Kozbar, tweeted: “Our thoughts and prayers with those who got injured and effected by this cowardly attack in Finsbury Park area, many casualties in the floor.”
- ^ One man was killed and 10 others injured when a van drove into worshippers (www.standard.co.uk)
- ^ Reuse content (www.standard.co.uk)
The Queen today led the nation in a minute’s silence on a sunny but sombre day amid heightened security ahead of Trooping the Colour, Her Majesty’s official birthday parade. Afterwards Her Majesty, 91 and Prince Philip, 96, travelled down The Mall from Buckingham Palace in a royal procession with a sovereign’s escort of Household Division. The royal colonels – The Prince of Wales, The Duke of Cambridge and The Princess Royal – followed on horse back in the procession behind the Sovereign’s carriage.
After receiving a royal salute, she inspected her troops of the both foot guards and horse guards, and the King’s Troop, Royal Horse Artillery. This year the Irish Guards was selected to troop its colour through the ranks of guards. Sombre mood: The Queen hailed the nation’s resolve in the wake of several tragedies in recent weeks (AFP/Getty Images)
Afterwards the entire Household Division assembly marched past the Queen, who received a salute.
Other royals in carriages included the Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry. The Duke of York rode in another carriage along with UK’s daughter, Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie. A major police security operation was as thousands flocked to the capital to watch the annual spectacle.
Sunny day: Crowds gather on the Mall for Trooping the Colour (Getty Images)
The Duchess of Cambridge along with Prince George and Princess Charlotte are expected to appear on the balcony at Buckingham Palace following the spectacle. Extra police are on duty around the palace to ensure the area is secure following the London and Manchester terror attacks. Huge crowds: Royal fans lined the streets (AP)
Snipers have been positioned on nearby roof tops and plain clothes officers will mingle among the crowds to bolster the uniformed police presence.
The traditional celebrations came as The Queen, ahead of the event, issued a statement saying the UK has been “resolute in the face of adversity” following recent tragedies in London and Manchester. Annual event: The Duchess of Cornwall and the Duchess of Cambridge (Getty Images)
She said: “Today is traditionally a day of celebration . This year, however, it is difficult to escape a very sombre national mood.”
The Head of State released her statement on her official birthday, the day after she visited the survivors and heroes of the Grenfell Tower tragedy accompanied by Prince William.
“In recent months, the country has witnessed a succession of terrible tragedies,” Her Majesty said.
Royal colonel: The Duke of Cambridge (EPA)
“As a nation, we continue to reflect and pray for all those who have been directly affected by these events.
“During recent visits in Manchester and London, I have been profoundly struck by the immediate inclination of people throughout the country to offer comfort and support to those in desperate need.”
The monarch visited the Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital following the Manchester Arena attack in which 22 people were killed following an Ariana Grande concert. She added: “Put to the test, the United Kingdom has been resolute in the face of adversity. Floral print: Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie (PA)
“United in our sadness, we are equally determined, without fear or favour, to support all those rebuilding lives so horribly affected by injury and loss.”
Trooping the Colour is an annual event that is part of the Queen s official birthday celebrations.
It begins with an impressive pageantry parade which includes her personal troops, the Household Division and Horse Guards. The Queen rides in a carriage before inspecting the troops and taking a salute from the officers and men on parade. The Queen has two birthdays – her actual birthday in April and an official birthday marked every summer by the Trooping the Colour ceremony.
Royal event: Guardsmen take part in Trooping the Colour on Horseguards Parade (REUTERS)
Today the Queen leaves Buckingham Palace accompanied by a Sovereign s escort from the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment. She then takes a Royal salute from officers and inspect the troops before the Regimental Colour, flag, is carried down the ranks. After Foot Guards, the Household Cavalry, The King s Troop and Royal Horse Artillery troop past, the Queen will head back to Buckingham Palace to the balcony for the Royal Air Force fly-past.
The tradition for monarchs to have two birthdays was started by George II back in 1748. George was born in November and it was felt that it was too cold to host an annual birthday parade at that time. It was decided that his birthday festivities would be combined with a military parade known as the Trooping the Colour, which was held in spring.
The Queen held a one minute silence for the victim’s of the Grenfell fire disaster (REUTERS)
Subsequent monarchs helpfully had birthdays at more convenient times of the year, but the Queen s father, King George VI, reintroduced the tradition which she has continued. The Queen has taken the salute every year since her coronation in 1953, apart from in 1955 when there was a national rail strike. The Prime Minister normally attends Trooping the Colour but Theresa May, who has faced criticism over her handling of the Grenfell Tower fire, was not seen at the event.
A Downing Street spokeswoman said: “The Prime Minister is this morning chairing a cross-Government meeting to ensure everything possible is being done to support those affected by the Grenfell tragedy.
“Afterwards, she will meet a group of residents, victims, volunteers and community leaders in No 10 . The PM has sent her best wishes to HM Queen on the event of her birthday.”
From her vantage point on a dias the Queen, with Philip beside her, watched the precision marching of the Guardsmen. Four of the five Foot Guards regiments of the Household Division – the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots and Irish Guards – were on parade, but away from their ceremonial duties they are also fighting soldiers.
In total 1,600 soldiers and 244 horses from the Household Division were on parade during the ceremony and only a few weeks ago some of the servicemen were on the streets of London, supporting the Met Police on Operation Temperer in the wake of the terrorist attack in Manchester. The Colour being paraded on Horse Guards this year was the flag of the 1st Battalion Irish Guards. It was first trooped in slow then in quick time past the monarch with the Guardsmen in their bearskins and scarlet tunics marching with precision movements.
In the blistering temperatures a number of soldiers fainted in the heat, with around three men taken from the parade ground after being overcome by the sweltering conditions.