Brexit threatens Britain s security unless it wakes up to the fact it must make concrete demands in the negotiations and stop assuming good intentions will suffice, experts have warned. Though both Britain and the EU have emphasised they want to continue cooperating closely, a report by The UK in a Changing Europe warns that the matter is so fiendishly difficult that a new cliff edge on the issue looms unless Britain is cleared about what it wants.
There is a danger that, unless the British Government acts quickly to define more clearly what it wants and how it might achieve it, another Brexit cliff edge – in security – might be on the horizon, Professor Anand Menon, King s College London academic and director of the Brexit-focused research body, said.
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Britain has been accused of using security, one of its stronger suits in the negotiations, as a bargaining chip to ensure it gets a better economic deal. Menon added: This is fiendishly complex . When negotiations are likely to involve constitutional issues, disagreements over the role of the ECJ and trade-offs from both sides, good intentions are not enough.
Despite a shared desire to cooperate closely in future, nothing can be taken for granted.
The UK in a Changing Europe report, published on Friday, argues British negotiators have failed to lay out specific enough demands on issues such as the European Arrest Warrant (EAW), participation in Europol and intelligence sharing between police forces and could lose out amid trade-offs. It warns that any deal on the EAW would likely take years to negotiate and, while nations like Iceland and Norway have negotiated their own deals, the end result for Britain would likely be some EU countries wouldn t surrender their nationals to the UK. Britain is an active participant in Europol but it may any operational role in the agency, unless it can negotiate a new relationship that is unprecedented , the report said.
The Government has sought to emphasise the importance of security but also to deny it was trying to blackmail the EU by emphasising this in public. Theresa May was accused of making a blatant threat when she said security could be weakened if Britain left the EU without a deal in her Article 50 letter in March.
I think the security of our citizens is far too important to start a trade-off of one and the other . Both are absolutely necessary in the future partnership without bargaining this one against the other, European Parliament s Brexit co-ordinator Guy Verhofstadt said in response. In September, the Government issued its position paper, noting belief the UK has a historic deep belief in the same values that Europe1 stands for peace, democracy, freedom and the rule of law and making no reference to any threat of withdrawing co-operation.
Then-Defence Secretary Michael Fallon told the BBC: This isn t blackmail, this isn t a negotiating strategy . What we are doing, and everybody has asked for this, is to set out how we see the new partnership the day after Brexit.
We want to fight terrorism together . It s vital .
We are not making threats.
New security measures including stricter passenger screening take effect on Thursday on all U.S.-bound flights to comply with government requirements designed to avoid an in-cabin ban on laptops, airlines said. Airlines contacted by Reuters said the new measures could include short security interviews with passengers at check-in or the boarding gate, sparking concerns over flight delays and extended processing time. They will affect 325,000 airline passengers on about 2,000 commercial flights arriving daily in the United States, on 180 airlines from 280 airports in 105 countries.
The United States announced the new rules in June to end its restrictions on carry-on electronic devices on planes coming from 10 airports in eight countries in the Middle East and North Africa in response to unspecified security threats. Those restrictions were lifted in July, but the Trump administration said it could reimpose measures on a case by case basis if airlines and airports did not boost security. European and U.S . officials said at the time that airlines had 120 days to comply with the measures, including increased passenger screening . The 120-day deadline is Thursday .
Airlines had until late July to expand explosive trace detection testing.
“We see this as a big issue for China Airlines,” Steve Chang, senior vice president of the Taiwanese firm told reporters on Wednesday, adding the airline was trying to consult with the American Institute in the country over the issue. Korean Airlines, South Korea’s flagship carrier, also said it had a lot of concerns with the new measures.
“We are asking customers to show up at the airport early .. . It’s just inconvenient for the passengers,” President and Chief Operating Officer Walter Cho told Reuters in Taipei. Lufthansa said on Tuesday the measures would be in place by Thursday and travelers could face short interviews at check-in or at the gate.
Economy passengers on Lufthansa’s Swiss airline have been asked to check in at least 90 minutes before departure. Cathay Pacific Airways said it would suspend in-town check-in and self bag-drop services for passengers booked on direct flights to the United States . The airline said passengers would also have short security interviews and it has advised travelers to arrive three hours before departure. Singapore Airlines said the security checks could include inspections of personal electronic devices as well as security questioning during check-in and boarding.
Airlines for America, a U.S . trade group, said the changes “are complex security measures” but praised U.S . officials for giving airlines flexibility in meeting the new rules. Alexandre de Juniac, CEO of the International Air Transport Association, said the industry understood security threats to aviation were made regularly but in this case, the U.S . government had not shared any specific dangers before changing the rules.
“What we have seen is very strange,” he told reporters in Taipei. “Unilateral measures announced without any prior consultation.. .
That is something that is very concerning and disturbing.”
At their annual meeting in Taipei, Association of Asia Pacific Airlines (AAPA) members passed a resolution calling for security measures to be risk-based, outcome-focused and proportionate to the probable threat.
“Unilateral actions taken by individual governments reacting to emerging threats may result in unnecessary disruption or lead to unintended safety consequences,” said the members. AAPA includes most large Asian airlines but not mainland Chinese carriers.
“The risk is other countries make similar demands,” AAPA Director General Andrew Herdman said. U.S . authorities in June also increased security around aircraft and in passenger areas, and other places where travelers can be cleared by U.S . officials before they depart.
A Transportation Security Administration (TSA) spokeswoman declined to discuss the specific changes but said, “the United States continues to work with our partners to raise the baseline of global aviation security and keep the entire traveling public safe.”
The TSA said in July it was imposing new security rules requiring U.S .
domestic airline travelers to remove all electronic items larger than mobile phones such as tablets, e-readers and video game consoles from carry-on baggage for screening.
‘The best way to learn about cyber security is to engage in realistic scenarios, such as the competition that we ve just hosted . Saturday s event created a scenario that really tested a candidate s ability to perform under pressure, think strategically, work as a team and display leadership skills’ This weekend, Barclays and Cabinet Office-backed security initiative Cyber Security Challenge UK1, hosted an immersive competition to test the skills of thirty cyber enthusiasts.
The competition required contestants to adopt the role of interns at a fictitious cyber security firm, who had to defend their company from a cyber-attack, triggered by an insider, all while their superiors were on a team-building canoeing adventure. >See also: The cyber security challenge for retail branch IT2 The competition is the last of 2017 s Cyber Security Challenge UK face-to-face competitions to unearth the UK s hidden cyber talent and place these individuals in public and private sector cyber security roles to fill the critical cyber security skills gap . Not only does cyber security offer an exciting and varied career, but a lucrative one too with roles averaging over 60,000 per year after training. The competition took place in national heritage site and grand country house, Radbroke Hall, which is also the current site of Barclays Technology Centre . In the scenario, the interns , who were staffing a fictitious security firm called Research4U , had to spring into action after a hacking group launched a large-scale cyber attack on the company, stealing confidential technology, source code and client data . The story saw hackers demand a ransom of 10m to prevent releasing the data to the press. Competitors had to infiltrate and stop the fictional hacker group in order to destroy the leaked information before it could be released to the press . Leading cyber specialists from Barclays and other leading industry organisations assessed the contestants on their vulnerability assessment, reconnaissance, attack strategies and espionage skills in order to rank their performance and suitability for careers in the industry.
>See also: The security challenges with the Internet of Things3 The winning team was team Wormhole: Carolyn Yates, Isabel Whistlecroft, Kajusz Dykiel, Peter Campbell and Waldo Woch. The eight contestants that have qualified for next month s Masterclass grand finale were: Cameron Howes, Asher Caswell, Tom Brook, Vlad Ellis, Mohammed Rahman, David Young, Rajiv Shah and Isabel Whistlecroft .
They will join the previous F2F winners from earlier in the year at Masterclass where they will compete against each other and have the opportunity to network with industry experts, in addition to winning career-enhancing prizes including degree scholarships, training courses, technology and gadgets and industry memberships. Nigel Harrison, acting Chief Executive of Cyber Security Challenge UK said: This year s scenarios have been varied in nature in order to demonstrate the range of cyber threats that this nation faces as well as the sheer breadth of sectors that need cyber security professionals from banking and finance, to automotive and even retail . Sponsors, like Barclays make this possible and, in turn, help to open the door to dozens more careers . I would like to encourage any budding cyber security specialist, or white hat hackers , to consider applying for our competitions . The nation faces a growing cyber security threat, so we are in real need of talent that can keep organisations, and the public, secure . Why not Challenge Yourself today?
>See also: Cyber security the unrelenting challenge for leadership4 The competition mirrors recent high profile attacks, such as WannaCry, where hackers held organisations to ransom across the globe . With the Public Accounts Committee revealing earlier this year that the Government s ability to protect Britain from high-level cyber attacks is undermined by a skills shortage, the need to find individuals with cyber skills has never been greater. Troels Oerting, Barclays Group Chief Security Officer (CSO) and Group Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) said: The best way to learn about cyber security is to engage in realistic scenarios, such as the competition that we ve just hosted . Saturday s event created a scenario that really tested a candidate s ability to perform under pressure, think strategically, work as a team and display leadership skills . A career in cyber security requires various skills, including the ability to second-guess hackers and make critical decisions quickly .
It was very encouraging to see students so immersed in solving the challenge we set them, and I wish all the candidates the very best in their careers.
- ^ Cyber Security Challenge UK (www.cybersecuritychallenge.org.uk)
- ^ The cyber security challenge for retail branch IT (www.information-age.com)
- ^ The security challenges with the Internet of Things (www.information-age.com)
- ^ Cyber security the unrelenting challenge for leadership (www.information-age.com)