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Security News

Reference Library – Security News

Protective security advice for the UK’s national infrastructure

The Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure, (CPNI), is the government authority for protective security advice for the UK s national infrastructure . Their primary role is to protect national security through means of helping to reduce the vulnerability of the national infrastructure from terrorism and other threats . As well as obvious areas of critical danger, less urgent but still vulnerable assets and events such as high-profile landmarks or iconic targets are also protected by the CPNI indirectly, through advice and damage protection . The CPNI is impacted by a range of government policies such as the National Security Strategy (NSS), the National Risk Register and the Counter-terrorism strategy (CONTEST). CONTEST aims to reduce risks of international terrorism, allowing individuals and businesses to continue with ease1 . This strategy is divided into four principal strands: Prevent, Pursue, Protect and Prepare . The CPNI s work falls within the Protect strand, which is concerned with reducing the vulnerability of the UK and UK interests overseas to a terrorist attack .

CPNI s protection work covers facilities, sites, information, people, systems, network and processes under the blanket of infrastructure . Everything upon which daily life depends on and requires protection due to the potential danger of UK citizens is included in National Infrastructure, yet all is not critical . The UK government s official definition of their focal points in this area the CNI (critical national infrastructure2) is: Those critical elements of national infrastructure, the loss or compromise of which would result in major detrimental impact on the availability, delivery or integrity of essential services, leading to severe economic or social consequences or to loss of life. The CPNI website defines 13 national infrastructure sectors in the UK, which are as follows: Chemicals, civil nuclear communications, defence, emergency services, energy, finance, food, government, health, space, transport and water . Several sectors have defined sub-sectors ; emergency services, for example, can be split into police, ambulance, fire services and coast guard.

Naturally, the CPNI works with a variety of partners to both identify risks and reduce the vulnerability of these 13 areas . CNI s are a focal point and as such, key partners include government departments, businesses and organisations with those sectors that own or operate a CNI; and other security specialists, including the police . Government partnerships feature most heavily, as the CNI protection sits under the Cabinet Office3, enabling a strategic approach . However, the Home Office4 has Ministerial responsibility for countering terrorism in the UK . The Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism (OSCT) in the Home Office oversees and manages the government s CONTEST strategy and programme plan.

According to the Home Office, the threat from terrorism is changing and therefore so must the responses . This is one of the primary reasons the Home Office are taking the time to review the already established counter-terrorism strategy5 and powers and why they have taken certain measures, such as implementing extra resources into counter-terrorism. Furthermore, work to improve protection in public places continues, which includes increased physical security measures at locations such as bridges and city centres . September 2017 marked Home Secretary, Amber Rudd s announcement of an extra 24 million of funding to be pumped into counter-terrorism policing in the wake of that year s terror attacks . The new funding will be used to help bolster protective security measures in crowded places . This will include helping to protect the public from the specific threat of vehicles being used as weapons.6 Despite this, it is evident that it is vital between striking the balance between taking as many precautions as possible, but also making it clear to the public that they should not be afraid to go about their daily lives . Alert, but not alarmed, is the message that the UK government aims to broadcast.

In addition, in July, the UK s Security Minister announced a new fund of up to 2 million, to be made available for new, cutting-edge research to improve both the surveillance and detection of potential threats in crowds . The Home Office also states that all police forces have access to the National Barrier Asset (NBA), which is a central resource of temporary Hostile vehicle mitigation (HVM) barriers, gates and fences that provide protection against vehicle-based attacks, like those seen in Nice, Berlin, Stockholm, London and Barcelona. This work is produced to build on the UK government s long-standing work programme providing owners and operators of crowded places with high-quality advice and guidance, to understand the terrorist threat and to enable appropriate measures to be taken to reduce their vulnerability to and prepare for a terrorist attack . Specialist advice for companies operating in crowded places, split into different sectors such as major events, sports stadia, visitor attractions, bars, theatres and shopping centres, have also been refreshed.

The UK s Home Secretary Amber Rudd stated: The threat we face from terrorism is becoming more complex and diverse . That is why we are reviewing our counter-terrorism strategy to ensure the authorities have the powers they need to halt terrorist activity . As we can see the future marks forward-thinking initiatives and plans from the Home Office, who have proposed that 144 million will be provided over the next five years for a national uplift in UK armed policing capability to respond more quickly and effectively to an attack . This means that the number of armed police will increase by more than 1,000 over the next two years, additional round-the-clock specialist teams are being set up outside London and 41 additional police armed response vehicles will be on our streets.

The first and foremost phase of the armed uplift is complete, with some additional 41-armed response vehicles, as well as around 650-armed officers . The next phase will mark a dramatic increase in counter-terrorism specialist firearms officers and will be expected completion in 2018 . Measures are being taken as a response to recent changes in terrorism threats and working with the CPNI, they hope to reduce such threats throughout the UK where the need is.

Open Access Government

editorial@adjacentopenaccess.org

www.adjacentopenaccess.org7

www.twitter.com/OpenAccessGov8

References

  1. ^ reduce risks of international terrorism, allowing individuals and businesses to continue with ease (www.openaccessgovernment.org)
  2. ^ CNI (critical national infrastructure (www.cpni.gov.uk)
  3. ^ Cabinet Office (www.gov.uk)
  4. ^ Home Office (www.gov.uk)
  5. ^ counter-terrorism strategy (www.openaccessgovernment.org)
  6. ^ helping to protect the public from the specific threat of vehicles being used as weapons. (www.openaccessgovernment.org)
  7. ^ www.adjacentopenaccess.org (www.adjacentopenaccess.org)
  8. ^ www.twitter.com/OpenAccessGov (www.twitter.com)

America’s ‘serial stowaway’ sneaks onto flight to London

Marilyn Jean Hartman is infamous . For years, law enforcement agencies in US states have known her for her seemingly endless and bizarre habit of getting on planes without a ticket, a boarding pass or a passport. The 66-year-old with short, white-blonde hair was caught trying to get to Hawaii1 at least once in 2014 . She made it to Los Angeles2 that same year after trying several times to board a plane in San Jose3 . She flew to Florida4 in 2015 after boarding a plane in Minnesota5 . She was jailed in Chicago6 that same year for trying to bypass security at the city s two major airports . According to news reports, she usually tries to blend in with big groups to get past airport security.

And in 2016, an Illinois7 judge sentenced her to two years of probation and six months at a mental health facility, where she had already been staying, after she was arrested again at Chicago s O Hare airport. Hartman is back in the news again . This time she s made it to London8.

She sneaked past security at in Chicago and boarded a flight to Heathrow9 . She was arrested after arriving there last Monday and was flown back to the US on Thursday, according to Chicago police . Hartman has been charged with criminal trespass, a misdemeanour, and theft, a felony. America’sTransportation Security Administration is investigating how she managed to sneak past security.

During the initial investigation it was determined that the passenger was screened at the security checkpoint before boarding a flight . Upon learning of the incident, TSA and its aviation partners, took immediate action to review security practices throughout the airport, the federal agency said in a statement.

Lauren Huffman, spokeswoman for the Chicago Department of Aviation, said no passengers or visitors were placed in harm s way because of the incident.

We are working with our law enforcement partners to support a comprehensive and thorough investigation, while continuing to maintain the highest levels of security at O Hare Airport, Huffman said in a statement. Several media outlets, including The Washington Post, have documented Hartman s misadventures and often referred to her with a nickname. ‘Infamous serial stowaway Marilyn Jean Hartman strikes again, reads a Post headline from 2015 . Media outlets have also called her a homeless loner bouncing between women s shelters and hotel rooms up and down the West Coast over the past decade. But her bizarre and headline-grabbing behaviour has confounded authorities.

Ms Hartman, what am I supposed to do ? Cook County circuit court judge William Raines reportedly asked her during a hearing in May 2015.

A year later, Hartman was back in Raines s courtroom . The judge scolded her as he recounted Hartman s history, which included several attempts to escape from mental health facilities in Illinois.

The only reason why you re not going to jail this time is because all these people that are here trying to help you still want to help you . I can t figure out why that is, Raines told Hartman, according to the Chicago Tribune s account of the hearing . He added later: There s no more feeling sorry for you . I think you re addicted to the attention.

In many cases, Hartman seemed to expect to be caught.

And it s not as if she is, Catch me if you can . It s almost like, Just come catch me, assistant state attorney Jeff Allen told reporters during the hearing. But why the airport ? That s a question that assistant public defender Parle Roe-Taylor had told reporters she couldn t answer. In 2015, San Francisco Magazine tried to do so .

A lengthy profile published online in June 2015 painted a picture of a woman who had been estranged from family members in Illinois, who constantly felt the need to get on a plane to go away, and who told wild tales of cover-ups and conspiracies. Hartman claimed that people airport security, public transit passengers, jail inmates, even Barack Obama have all conspired to compel her to sneak onto planes in an elaborate attempt to punish her and then allow her to escape lengthy prison sentences so she can do it all over again and again.

They just hope I kill myself or act out against society, she told the magazine during an interview while she was jailed in Florida . Goodbye, cruel world.

Hartman was living at an apartment facility for low-income seniors at a Chicago suburb before her arrest this week .

She s scheduled to appear in court Saturday, according to media reports.

The Washington Post

America's 'serial Stowaway' Sneaks Onto Flight To LondonReuse content10

References

  1. ^ Hawaii (www.independent.co.uk)
  2. ^ Los Angeles (www.independent.co.uk)
  3. ^ San Jose (www.independent.co.uk)
  4. ^ Florida (www.independent.co.uk)
  5. ^ Minnesota (www.independent.co.uk)
  6. ^ Chicago (www.independent.co.uk)
  7. ^ Illinois (www.independent.co.uk)
  8. ^ London (www.independent.co.uk)
  9. ^ Heathrow (www.independent.co.uk)
  10. ^ Reuse content (www.independent.co.uk)

Marilyn Jean Hartman, known as ‘serial stowaway’, outwits airport security and flies to London

Marilyn Jean Hartman is infamous . For years, law enforcement agencies in several states have known her for her seemingly endless and bizarre habit of getting on planes without a ticket, a boarding pass or a passport. The 66-year-old with short, white-blonde hair was caught trying to get to Hawaii1 at least once in 2014 . She made it to Los Angeles2 that same year after trying several times to board a plane in San Jose3 . She flew to Florida4 in 2015 after boarding a plane in Minnesota5 . She was jailed in Chicago6 that same year for trying to bypass security at the city s two major airports . According to news reports, she usually tries to blend in with big groups to get past airport security.

And in 2016, an Illinois7 judge sentenced her to two years of probation and six months at a mental health facility, where she had already been staying, after she was arrested again at Chicago O Hare International Airport. Hartman is back on the news again . This time, she made it to London8.

She sneaked past security at in Chicago and boarded a flight to Heathrow Airport9 . She was arrested after arriving there Monday and was flown back to the United States10 on Thursday, according to Chicago police . Hartman has been charged with criminal trespass, a misdemeanour, and theft, a felony. The Transportation Security Administration is investigating how she managed to sneak past security.

During the initial investigation it was determined that the passenger was screened at the security checkpoint before boarding a flight . Upon learning of the incident, TSA and its aviation partners, took immediate action to review security practices throughout the airport, the federal agency said in a statement.

Lauren Huffman, spokeswoman for the Chicago Department of Aviation, said no passengers or visitors were placed in harm s way because of the incident.

We are working with our law enforcement partners to support a comprehensive and thorough investigation, while continuing to maintain the highest levels of security at O Hare Airport, Huffman said in a statement. Several media outlets, including The Washington Post, have documented Hartman s misadventures and often referred to her with a nickname. ‘Infamous serial stowaway Marilyn Jean Hartman strikes again, says a Post headline from 2015 . Media outlets have also called her a homeless loner bouncing between women s shelters and motel rooms up and down the West Coast over the past decade. But her bizarre and headline-grabbing behaviour has confounded authorities.

Ms Hartman, what am I supposed to do ? Cook County circuit court judge William Raines asked during a hearing in May 2015, according to NBC affiliate WMAQ.

A year later, Hartman was back in Raines s courtroom . The judge dished out a harsh scolding as he recounted Hartman s history, which included several attempts to escape from mental health facilities in Illinois.

The only reason why you re not going to jail this time is because all these people that are here trying to help you still want to help you . I can t figure out why that is, Raines told Hartman, according to the Chicago Tribune s account of the hearing . He added later: There s no more feeling sorry for you . I think you re addicted to the attention.

In many cases, Hartman seemed to expect to be caught.

And it s not as if she is, Catch me if you can . It s almost like, Just come catch me, assistant state attorney Jeff Allen told reporters during the hearing. But why the airport ? That s a question that assistant public defender Parle Roe-Taylor had told reporters she couldn t answer. In 2015, San Francisco Magazine tried to do so .

A lengthy profile published online in June 2015 painted a picture of a woman who had been estranged from family members in Illinois, who constantly felt the need to get on a plane to go away, and who told wild tales of cover-ups and conspiracies. Hartman claimed that people airport security, public transit passengers, jail inmates, President Barack Obama have all conspired to compel her to sneak onto planes in an elaborate attempt to punish her and then allow her to escape lengthy prison sentences so she can do it all over again and again.

They just hope I kill myself or act out against society, she told the magazine during an interview while she was jailed in Florida . Goodbye, cruel world.

Hartman was living at an apartment facility for low-income seniors at a Chicago suburb before her arrest this week .

She s scheduled to appear in court Saturday, according to media reports.

The Washington Post

Marilyn Jean Hartman, Known As 'serial Stowaway', Outwits Airport Security And Flies To LondonReuse content11

References

  1. ^ Hawaii (www.independent.co.uk)
  2. ^ Los Angeles (www.independent.co.uk)
  3. ^ San Jose (www.independent.co.uk)
  4. ^ Florida (www.independent.co.uk)
  5. ^ Minnesota (www.independent.co.uk)
  6. ^ Chicago (www.independent.co.uk)
  7. ^ Illinois (www.independent.co.uk)
  8. ^ London (www.independent.co.uk)
  9. ^ Heathrow Airport (www.independent.co.uk)
  10. ^ United States (www.independent.co.uk)
  11. ^ Reuse content (www.independent.co.uk)