Reference Library – England
By Adam Smith
Last Updated: 24/03/17 9:29am
How long do managers last at the top 92 clubs in England ? We’ve crunched the numbers to reveal the exact average in days… Job security for managers in England’s top four tiers is at an all-time low, a Sky Sports study has found. A remarkable 75 managers were sacked, quit or failed to last after temporary stints in charge last season – the highest total in English football history. In addition, the average tenure for a departing manager last term was an all-time low of just 423 days.
This season, 51 managers have been axed or walked already and the average tenure is just 477 days and, with over three months until July 1st, that number could still drop below that threshold to break a new record. In the first years after the Second World War, managers had an average tenure of more than seven years, with just 20 departing their roles during the 1946/47 season. But even as recently as the start of the Premier League era in 1992/93, managers could expect to be in charge for nearly three years, with just 25 coaches losing their jobs in the first Premier League season. For the study, Sky Sports recorded every manager who has lasted 35 days or more at a current top-four tier club since 1946/47 to work out how long the average boss keeps his job, with the help of Soccerbase.com1 data.
The red line shows how many managers have left a club every season since 1946/47, while the blue line shows the average tenure of departed managers
THIS SEASON’S CASUALTIES
There have been a number of managerial departures this season which have highlighted the insecurity football managers face. Leicester boss Claudio Ranieri was sacked in February 2017, despite leading Leicester to a 5000-1 shock Premier League win last season, while Aitor Karanka – who led Middlesbrough to the top flight last term – left his post last week.
Aitor Karanka was sacked by Middlesbrough this month
Bob Bradley only lasted 85 days at Swansea before receiving his marching orders, while Walter Zenga (Wolves), Kenny Jackett (Rotherham), Alberto Cavasin, Andy Edwards (both Leyton Orient), Russell Slade (Coventry), Chris Brass (Bury), all lasted fewer than 100 days at the helm this term in the lower leagues. Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger is under pressure to step down after a string of poor results, but the Frenchman is unlikely to consider resignation lightly after more than 20 years in charge of the Gunners.
Arsenal fans hold up anti-Wenger signs after the match at West Brom
Wenger is England’s longest-serving, active manager and currently holds the 10th-longest reign in our study, which is nearly twice as long as the next longest active tenure, held by Paul Tisdale at Exeter (10 years, nine months). But neither Wenger or Tisdale come close to the all-time record set by Fred Everiss, who was in charge of West Brom between 1902 and 1948 – the longest tenure of any football manager in English history. Meanwhile, Sir Alex Ferguson’s 26-and-a-half-year reign at Old Trafford was the third-longest in our list, ahead of another ex United boss Sir Matt Busby.
Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson and keeper Peter Schmeichel with the trophy after a 2-1 victory over Bayern Munich in 1999
YOUR CLUB’S AVERAGE MANAGER TENURE
In terms of average tenures at clubs since 1946/47, Manchester United, boosted by Ferguson’s tenure, lead the pack with the average boss lasting 2,346 days. Arsenal have the second longest with 2,172 days, followed by Ipswich (2,007), West Ham (1,916), Liverpool (1,741) and Everton (1,473).
Relative Football League newcomers Morecambe (1,988) and AFC Wimbledon (1,790) also have high averages, due to their recent promotions from non league.
New Notts County manager Kevin Nolan
Meanwhile, Notts County have had more managers than any other current top-four tier club over the last 70 years – appointed 48 managers for more than 35 days and averaging around 500 days at the helm each. Check out the table below to see how many managers your club has appointed…
An evil rapist who screamed at his victim from the dock before punching a security officer has been sentenced to life. Neil Anthony Thompson, 28, subjected his victim to a nightmare ordeal after following her home and climbing through her window armed with a knife. During a 30-minute attack Thompson threatened to kill her more than once.
It ended only when the brave victim managed to escape and run naked to a neighbour for help. Her incredible bravery continued at Manchester Minshull Crown Court1 on Thursday when she was interrupted during her statement by a shouting and swearing Thompson. Attacking the guard beside him, Thompson shouted at his victim as he tried to break free from the dock – while stunned officials in Court Seven sounded the alarm for help.
However, after a brief struggle, the convicted attacker was placed in a headlock and led to the cells to calm down. The hearing was adjourned until the afternoon, when Thompson emerged again to be given a life sentence. Afterwards, his defiant victim told the M.E.N: What he did in court just shows the type of person he is.
Neil Anthony Thompson has been jailed for life
I don t regret facing him in court – I wanted to look him in the eye and tell him what he d done to me and my family.
I ve got my life ahead of me and I won t let what he did define me . This is closure.
Earlier, Phil Barnes, prosecuting, told the court how Thompson, of Oswald Road, Chorlton2, followed his victim home on November 12 last year. She was sitting on her bed texting her boyfriend when Thompson burst into her room armed with a knife. He shouted at her to give him all her money , before ordering her to undress.
What followed was a gratuitous, brutal, sustained and violent series of sexual assaults which left her shaking and terrified for her life . The ordeal only came to an end when the victim bravely fled the house chased by Thompson, but she managed to get help from a neighbour who called the police. Detectives followed a trail of fingerprints, footprints and DNA evidence to a nearby bail hostel three days later.
On arrest, Thompson complained about being interrupted while watching a pornographic site and insisted he had been home alone taking cannabis and spice on the night of the attack. Only when confronted with the undeniable evidence did Thompson admit rape, attempted rape, three charges of sexual assault, causing a person to engage in sexual activity without consent, trespass with intent to commit a sexual offence and burglary. Sentencing Thompson to life with a chance to apply for parole after eight years, Judge Tina Landale said Thompson had shown no remorse and couldn t care less about the impact of his behaviour . She said he could apply for parole in eight years, but added: However, you are an extremely dangerous man and it s possible you may never be released.
Minshull Street Crown Court
Defending, Thomas McKail said Thompson was appalled by his outburst in court and had in fact been trying to apologise to his victim. He added: There is no amount of apology or remorse that will begin to make amends for the damage caused to the complainant and her family. He said his client recalled following her home but cannot remember the attack .
As a career burglar, much of his life had been spent behind bars and he had been institutionalised, he added. Det Sgt Rebecca Mills, of GMP s Trafford borough, said: This is one of the most horrendous incidents I have been involved with investigating and the details of it will no doubt send cold shivers down the spines of anyone who hears them. Praising the courage of Thompson s victim, she added: I would like to thank her and pay tribute to her for this bravery, and I just hope the significant sentence passed today will bring her some comfort to know that her help has taken a dangerous man off the streets and seen justice served.
‘There is no way someone like that should ever be allowed to walk the streets again’
The victim of Neil Anthony Thompson showed incredibly bravery – first escaping his evil clutches, then helping police with their investigation – and finally facing him in court. On Thursday she saw him jailed for life and shared her relief that he can t hurt anybody else.
I don t have the words to describe how I feel about Neil . The overriding feeling is anger . He doesn t deserve to ever be let out . There is no way that someone like that should ever be allowed to walk the streets again.
There are a lot of cases where rapists aren t caught, where people haven t come forward because they might be afraid of the police not believing them.
I want to say if anyone has had a similar thing happen to them, come forward . If I hadn t come forward this person would still be out there, doing what he did to me to other people.
My life has changed now . It s affected me, my family, my health .
I m coming to terms with it, with wondering why me ? I m not going to be able to answer that.
I suffer from anxiety and panic attacks . I worry a lot now, I ve very nervous about situations . I m now very shy around people I don t know . I was shy when I was younger but I managed to get over that and this has brought it all back home.
A couple of weeks ago I felt like I couldn t cope any more . Everyone in my life has been affected, even though it happened to me.
The emotional effects on my mum where she started to suffer badly with anxiety and depression . She doesn t really sleep or eat.
My relationship with my dad is now also very strained . We rarely speak now and he has been very distant from me . I think he is struggling to come to terms with what happened.
When I m walking about on my own outside I feel as though I m now on high alert, constantly looking over my shoulder and about, in a way, suspecting everyone I come across on the street.
Before Neil did what he did I was in my second year of university .
But after this, I couldn t even get myself out of bed to find the energy or the mental strength to go into uni . As a direct result of Neil, I left university and I am no longer in full time education while I try to focus on putting my life back together.
I now share a flat with girls who have been through similar things in their lives . I m worried what is going to come next for me, emotionally .
But now I have closure and I want to get on with my life.
London attack: Security services face ‘big investigation’ into how Khalid Masood slipped through net
The powerful watchdog that scrutinises the intelligence services is set to probe whether officials properly handled the case of Westminster attacker Khalid Masood. Sources close to Parliament s Intelligence and Security Committee told The Independent there would likely be a big investigation into whether the 52-year-old killer should have been better monitored after it emerged he was known to agents. They added that there would be a particular focus on whether lessons have been learnt from errors found in the way security services operated in the run up to the brutal murder of Fusilier Lee Rigby in 2013.
Concerns were also raised as to whether parliamentary security is adequately staffed, following a sizeable drop in the number of firearm-trained officers employed by the Metropolitan Police. It was reported that the officer who shot Masood, ending his rampage, was actually Defence Secretary Michael Fallon s personal bodyguard, who was only on the scene coincidentally. Theresa May told MPs in the Commons on Thursday that while Masood was known to security services, his case was historic and that officers did not believe him to be part of the current intelligence picture . Later in the day Home Secretary Amber Rudd said it would be wrong to say there had been an intelligence failure.
However, an official close to the ISC said: Masood had at one point been looked at by the intelligence and security services, but obviously it had gone dormant . That sometimes happens with these cases. Westminster attacker named as Khalid Masood
There is going to be a big investigation on this . It is always a worry for the intelligence and security services, when it comes to dropping cases, but they can t follow them all up.
At the end of the day they have to take a decision on each one, and they will now want a proper investigation of who knew what and when.
The committee is due to meet next week where the question as to whether it should launch an investigation or not will be raised. The group, chaired by former attorney general Dominic Grieve and filled with cross-party politicians from the Commons and Lords, can choose to launch an inquiry itself or it might be asked by Ms May to take the work on. In 2014 the committee conducted a far-reaching inquiry into the murder of Lee Rigby, killed a year earlier by Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale on the streets of Woolwich.
The committee insider said: It was a case, once again, where the people who had killed him had been looked at by the security services and there were recommendations.
It would be a fair assumption to say that the committee would look back at those recommendations with regards to this case. The 2014 report discovered a number of errors and made criticisms where processes were not being followed or decisions not recorded. Who are the victims of the Westminster attack?
The report concluded the errors did not necessarily mean Fusilier Rigby s murder could have been prevented, but it called for better procedures. It also highlighted the challenge of monitoring every single individual of potential interest that comes before the intelligence services. The report said: Clearly, MI5 must focus primarily on the highest priority individuals . However, that leaves a large group of individuals who may also pose a risk to national security, but who are not under active investigation.
Previous attempts by MI5 and the police to manage this group have failed: We have not yet seen any evidence that the new programme, established in late 2013, will be any better . This is an important issue and the committee will continue to take a close interest in it in order to ensure that the necessary improvements are made.
In a statement to MPs, Ms May said Masood was once investigated in relation to concerns about violent extremism, but said he was a peripheral figure . She added: The case is historic . He was not part of the current intelligence picture . There was no prior intelligence of his intent or of the plot.
Asked later if there had been a failure of intelligence, cabinet minister Ms Rudd said: I think that would be absolutely the wrong judgement to make . I m confident that as we get more information and I really can t be drawn any further on it at the moment that we will learn more and take comfort from the information that we have and the work that the intelligence services do. Scotland Yard later said Masood had previous convictions for assaults, including GBH, possession of offensive weapons and public order offences. Westminster terror attacker had been investigated by MI5 over violent extremism
His first conviction was in November 1983 for criminal damage and his last conviction was in December 2003 for possession of a knife.
He had not been convicted of any terrorism offences, but had been known by a number of aliases. Also in the Commons, former cabinet minister Theresa Villiers suggested it was time for all police who patrol areas known to be of interest to terrorists to be armed. Ms May argued that the level of security in Westminster had been enhanced significantly over her 20 years in Parliament, and that questions over whether individual officers should be routinely armed is an operational matter for the police.
Parliament holds a minute-long silence in memory of the victims of the Westminster attack
But former Met senior investigating officer Peter Kirkham raised concerns that there might have been a fall in the number of armed guards at the gates of Parliament where the Westminster attacker struck. He said: I m beginning to hear that there s been a reduction of armed officers at the Houses of Parliament.
Hence there wasn t armed officers specifically on that gate yesterday, it was in the presence of that yard . We ve heard that it was a protection officer that just happened to be there by chance.
Reports emerged on Thursday that the individual who shot Masood was Mr Fallon s Met close protection officer, raising questions as to whether another armed guard would have been on the scene if he were not. Police officers stand guard on Victoria Embankment following yesterday’s attack in London, England (ge)
The Met said it would not be appropriate to confirm the identity of any officer involved in a fatal firearms incident. But his intervention comes against the backdrop of broader falling numbers of firearms officers in the whole of London .
Official Home Office figures show they dropped by a quarter, from a high of 2,856 in 2010, to 2,139 last year. A source from Parliament s Joint Committee on Security told The Independent there had been no recent discussion about a reduction in the number of armed officers at Westminster. Any such reduction would need to be considered first by the committee, the source said, which is chaired by Deputy Leader of the Commons Lindsay Hoyle.
If there was a recommendation to cut the number of armed officers on the frontline at Parliament, we would be told about it, he added.